Recast Navigation  (2016-05-09)
Recast Navigation
recast_intro.png

Recast

Recast is state of the art navigation mesh construction toolset for games.

The latest version can be found on GitHub.

The Recast process starts with constructing a voxel mold from level geometry and then casting a navigation mesh over it. The process consists of three steps, building the voxel mold, partitioning the mold into simple regions, and peeling off the regions as simple polygons.

  1. The voxel mold is built from the input triangle mesh by rasterizing the triangles into a multi-layer heightfield. Some simple filters are then applied to the mold to prune out locations where the character would not be able to move.
  2. The walkable areas described by the mold are divided into simple overlayed 2D regions. The resulting regions have only one non-overlapping contour, which simplifies the final step of the process tremendously.
  3. The navigation polygons are peeled off from the regions by first tracing the boundaries and then simplifying them. The resulting polygons are finally converted to convex polygons which makes them perfect for pathfinding and spatial reasoning about the level.

Detour

Recast is accompanied by Detour, a path-finding and spatial reasoning toolkit. You can use any navigation mesh with Detour, but of course the data generated by Recast fits perfectly.

Detour offers a simple static navigation mesh that is suitable for many simple cases, as well as a tiled navigation mesh that allows you to add and remove pieces of the mesh. The tiled mesh allows you to create systems where you stream new navigation data in and out as the player progresses the level, or regenerate tiles as the world changes.

Recast Demo

You can find a comprehensive demo project in the RecastDemo folder. It is a kitchen sink demo containing all the functionality of the library. If you are new to Recast & Detour, check out Sample_SoloMesh.cpp to get started with building navmeshes and NavMeshTesterTool.cpp to see how Detour can be used to find paths.

Building RecastDemo

RecastDemo uses premake5 to build platform specific projects. Download it and make sure it's available on your path, or specify the path to it.

Linux

  1. Install SDl2 and its dependencies according to your distro's guidelines.
  2. run premake5 gmake from the RecastDemo folder.
  3. cd Build/gmake then make
  4. Run RecastDemo\Bin\RecastDemo

OSX

  1. Grab the latest SDL2 development library dmg from here and place SDL2.framework in /Library/Frameworks/
  2. Navigate to the RecastDemo folder and run premake5 xcode4
  3. Open Build/xcode4/recastnavigation.xcworkspace
  4. Select the "RecastDemo" project in the left pane, go to the "BuildPhases" tab and expand "Link Binary With Libraries"
  5. Remove the existing entry for SDL2 (it should have a white box icon) and re-add it by hitting the plus, selecting "Add Other", and selecting /Library/Frameworks/SDL2.framework. It should now have a suitcase icon.
  6. Set the RecastDemo project as the target and build.

Windows

  1. Grab the latest SDL2 development library release from here and unzip it RecastDemo\Contrib. Rename the SDL folder such that the path RecastDemo\Contrib\SDL\lib\x86 is valid.
  2. Run "premake5" vs2015 from the RecastDemo folder
  3. Open the solution, build, and run.

Running Unit tests

  1. Follow the instructions to build RecastDemo above. Premake should generate another build target called "Tests".
  2. Build the "Tests" project. This will generate an executable named "Tests" in RecastDemo/Bin/
  3. Run the "Tests" executable. It will execute all the unit tests, indicate those that failed, and display a count of those that succeeded.

Integrating With Your Own Project

It is recommended to add the source directories DebugUtils, Detour, DetourCrowd, DetourTileCache, and Recast into your own project depending on which parts of the project you need. For example your level building tool could include DebugUtils, Recast, and Detour, and your game runtime could just include Detour.

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License

Recast Navigation is licensed under the ZLib license.